Magento is the provider of three distinct platforms, Magento Community Edition, Magento Enterprise Edition and Magento Enterprise Cloud Edition. There were also two former platforms, Magento Professional Edition and Magento Go. Today, some of their largest users are Burger King, Nestle, Murad, BevMo, and Coca-Cola.
Magento Community Edition
Magento Community Edition is an open-source eCommerce platform. Developers can implement the core files and extend its functionality by adding new plug-in modules provided by other developers. Since the first public beta version was released in 2007, Community Edition has been developed and customized in order to provide a basic eCommerce platform.
The current release and each of the previous historical release versions of the 1.X and 2.X version branches of Magento Community Edition are available on the Magento Commerce, Inc. website for download as singe-file downloads Development of the 2.X version branch of Magento CE is coordinated publicly on GitHub.
Magento Enterprise Edition
Magento Enterprise Edition is derived from the Magento Community Edition and has the same core files. Unlike Community Edition, this is not free, but has more features and functionality. This edition is designed for large businesses that require technical support with installation, usage, configuration, and troubleshooting. Although Magento Enterprise has annual maintenance fees, neither Community nor Enterprise Editions include hosting. The Magento team develops Enterprise Edition by cooperating with users and third parties. Development on the 2.X branch of Magento EE is coordinated publicly on GitHub.
Magento Enterprise Cloud Edition (ECE)
Released April 11, 2016, ECE is a platform as a service that enables rapid deployment of fully customizable, secure and scalable web store fronts, combined with leading hosting and managed infrastructure. In contains a full REST API and a scriptable command line interface ensures ease of integration with external systems and compatibility with existing code management workflows.
Included in ECE is: Fastly a real-time content delivery network that quickly diagnoses speed problems and can make automated changes and also migrates DDoD attacks. New Relic continuous application performance monitoring. Blackfire.io performance monitoring of PHP code, which provides a visualization of how all your pages work together, enabling users to eliminate redundancies. Amazon Web Services a triple redundant cloud cluster with 99.99% uptime and best in class SLA benchmarks. Magento Enterprise Edition, which is an open platform with near unlimited options for campaign workflows, product attributes, customer segments, product pages, web pages, and checkout.
Magento 2 has many new and improved features, developer tools and its architecture is quite different from all the previous versions. Magento 2 was announced in 2010. It was planned for release in 2011, and its merchant beta version was released in July 2015. Since then Magento 1 and Magento 2 have existed simultaneously.
Like previous platform, Magento 2 consists of both frontend and backend (or Admin Panel). The backend of Magento 2 is much more intuitive and friendly. The menu is vertical on the left instead of horizontal menu on the top in Magento 1, and is designed with flat type. The Dashboard of backend now emphasizes more at Lifetime Sales and Average Order, highlight both Lifetime Sales and Revenue. Everything is bigger, much easier to click.
The frontend has new features. The default theme is Magento 2 Luma Theme which is much better than Magento 1. Also, Magento 2 has responsive web design and faster performance theme. New 2-step checkout is not as complicated as default 6-step checkout of Magento 1.
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